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Sahaba too built Qubba Tomb on Quboor Sahaba e Karaam constructed Qubba on graves. It is written in Mushkath Shareef, Kitabul Janaiz Babud Dafn: Rasoolullah Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam buried Hazrath Uthman ibn e Mazoon raziallahu anh placed a stone towards the head side for identification

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As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

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AsSalam O Alaikum wra

Dear brother Burhan Sb.,

Please give a detailed reply for the following message received by mail to me on one of

the debate. Given below his writing:

 

QUOTE:
Subject: Spam: Heuristic Spam Sahaba too built Qubba Tomb on Quboor

Sahaba e Karaam constructed Qubba on graves. It is written in Mushkath Shareef, Kitabul Janaiz Babud Dafn: Rasoolullah Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam buried Hazrath Uthman ibn e Mazoon raziallahu anh placed a stone towards the head side for identification, and said: Alamu biha qabra akhi wa adfan ilaihi man maata min ahlee

We will place an identification and bury ahlul bait in this place.


1. Huzoor e paak sallallahu alaihi wasallam was buried in Hujarathul Aisha raziallahu anh. Sayedina Ibn Zubai raziallahu anh constructed a beautiful building on it.

In the the year 557Hijri few Christian Rahibs tried to reach the grave by building a tunnel secretly. Huzoor e paak sallallahu alaihi wasallam came three times in the dream of the Sultan and informed him about it. Sultan beheaded them and filled molten glass around the grave.


2. In the year 678 Sultan Qalaoon Salihee built the Green Tomb on the grave.


3. Hazrath Umer Raziallahu anh constructed a Qubba on Hazrath Zainab bint e Hajash

raziallahu Anha


4. Hazrath Aisha Siddiqa raziallahu anha constructed a Qubba on the Qabr of her brother

Abdul Rahman.


5. Hazrath Mohammad ibn e Hanfia constructed a Qubba on the grave of Hazrath Ibn

Abbas raziallahu anh.


Rasoolullah sallallahu Alaihi wasallams grave is covered by a green silk cloth. Kabathulla

is covered with Silk cloth. All these are Shaairallah. These are to be respected and preserved, while it is not worshipped.


Above quotations from the book Ja Al Haq written by Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan


There is a Hadeeth written in Mushkath e shareef, where Hazrath Ali was asked by Rasoolullah sallallahu Alaihi wasallam to level off the graves. These graves were of Kuffar Mushrikeen and not of Muslimeen Sahaba as Rasoolullah sallallahu Alaihi wasallam himself used be present while burying them. Shaikh Ibn Hajr Makki has written this in Fathul Bari..


Huzoor e paak sallallahu alaihi wasallam said;

Allahumma la tajal qabree wathnan yubadu ishtadda ghazabullahi ala qaumin ittkhazoo

quboora anmbiauhum


Oh Allah do not make my qabr a sanam (but) to wch people could worship. Allah shall punish the people who make the graves of their anmbia as mosques.


It is explained by Allama Baidhawi that Yahoodwa Nasaara used to make sujood and pray

towards the direction of the graves of the prophets as though they are asnaam


So Huzoor e paak sallallahu alaihi wasallam has prohibited Muslims from worshipping the

graves.This hadeeth should not be used for restricting the visit making duah.


It is quoted in the book Madarijun Nubuwwat written by Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehelwi in part two that Hazrath e Fathimathuzzahra raziallahu anha visited the grave of Rasoolullah sallallahu Alaihi wasallam took the mud of the grave and kept on her eyes full of tears and recited few ashaar poetry.


So it is clear from the above quotations that nothing wrong in making a permanent Qabr of the Saliheen, constructing Qubba, and visiting the graves and making Dua.


How can a Muslim after making Shahada worship a grave? So labeling Muslims visting graves for ziarah as Mushrikeen is Zulm, Maazallah.


Wassalaam, Well Wisher of the Ummah

Mohammad Anwar Haroon. UNQUOTE

Thanks for an early reply.


Jazak Allah Khair

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Build Tomb shrine over graves

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Beloved brother, before we address the validity of the statements offered as proof for building qubba or shrines over the dead by the brother, we need to reason and validate two things in light of the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah:

  1. Is it legal to construct a qubba or shrine over the grave of a dead believer?
  2. Is it legal to visit graves of the deceased?

 

Ref-1: Is it legal to construct a qubba or shrine over the grave of a dead believer?

Jabir reported: "The Prophet(saws) forbade the whitewashing of a grave, sitting on it, or erecting any structure on it."

(Related by Ahmad, Muslim, Nasa'i, Abu Daw'ud, and Tirmidhi.)

Abu Hurairah reported: "The Prophet (saws) said: 'May Allah destroy the Jews, because they used the graves of their prophets as shrines (places of worship).'' (Related by Bukhari and Muslim)

 

Aishah reported: "Umm Habibah and Umm Salamah mentioned to Allah's Messenger (saws) a church in which they saw drawings while in Abyssinia, whereupon he (saws) said: 'Those people used to build a shrine over the grave of a righteous man among them when he died, and make such drawings in it. These will be the worst of people in the sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection.''

(Related by Bukhari and Muslim)

 

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said: Before you there was a group who turned the graves of their prophets and their righteous ones into places of worship. Do not tum graves into places of worship. I forbid you to do that'.''

(Related by Muslim)

 

In light of the above absolutely clear guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), it is absolutely prohibited for the believers to build any sort of structure over the graves of their deceased.

 

Ref-2: Is it legal to visit graves of the deceased?

Abdallah ibn Buraidah reported from his father that the Prophet (saws) said: "I had forbidden you to visit graves, but now you may visit them. It will remind you of the Hereafter." (Muslim, Ahmad, and the Sunan)

 


In the beginning the Prophet (saws) prohibited the believers from visitlng the graves because of their proximity to the Jahiliyyah (Days of Ignorance). But after they had fully entered the fold of Islam, became well pleased with it, and had fully accepted its laws, the Prophet (saws) permitted them to visit graves for its visiting would remind them of the Hereafter.

 

Thus there is absolutely no harm in Islam if one wishes to visit the graves of ones deceased loved ones.

 

In general, the people who visit the graves may be divided into three categories:

1.      those who supplicate for the deceased,

2.      those who supplicate through the deceased,

3.      and those who supplicate to the deceased.

 

Buraidah reported that The Prophet (saws) taught us that when we visited graves we should say, 'Peace be upon you, O believing men and women, O dwellers of this place. Certainly, Allah willing, we will join you. You have preceded us and we are to follow you. We supplicate to Allah to grant us and you security'.'' (Reported by Muslim, Ahmad, and others)

 

Ibn 'Abbas reported: "Once the Prophet (saws) passed by graves in Madinah. He tumed his face toward them saying: 'Peace be upon you, O dwellers of these graves. May Allah forgive us and you. You have preceded us, and we are following your trail'." (Tirmidhi)

 

In light of the above guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), there is absolutely no harm if one visiting graves supplicates for the deceased. But if ones intention is to supplicate through or to the deceased, then one would be guilty of the abomination of shirk!

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumar verse 3:

Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take awliyaas other than Allah (say): "We only serve them (the awliyaas) in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah." Truly Allah will judge between them in that wherein they differ. But Allah guides not such as are false and ungrateful.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 35 Surah Fatir verse 22:

And the dead and the living are not alike! Allah causes whomever He wills to hear, but you cannot make those who are buried in the graves to hear you.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 16 Surah Nahl verse 20-21:

All the other beings, whom the people invoke with Allah, create nothing! Nay, they are themselves created. They are DEAD, not living, and they do not at all know themselves when they shall again be raised to life!

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 10 Surah Yunus verse 18:

These people serve beside Allah those which can neither harm nor benefit them, and say, These are our shofaa (intercessors) with Allah! (O Mohammed), tell them, Do you wish to inform Allah of that thing which He knows not in the heavens, or in the earth? He is absolutely free from, and exalted above the shirk that they commit.

 

Chapter 46 Surah Ahqaf verses 4-6:

Prophet, say to them, "Have you ever seen them with open eyes those whom you invoke instead of Allah? Show me what they have created in the earth? Or have they any share in the creation and control of the heavens? Bring me a Book revealed before this, or produce some remnant of knowledge in support of your beliefs if you are truthful." And who could be further astray than the one who invokes, instead of Allah, those who cannot answer him till the Day of Resurrection. Nay, they are even UNAWARE THAT THEY ARE BEING INVOKED. And when all mankind shall be gathered together (on the Day of Qiyamah), they (the so called leaders and intercessors) will become enemies of those who invoked them and they will DISOWN THEIR WORSHIP!!!

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 18 Surah Kahf verse 102:

What? Do these people, who have disbelieved, presume that they would make My servants their auliyaas besides Me? We have prepared Hell for the hospitality of such people.

 

In light of the above clear guidance of the Glorious Quran and the Sunnah, the believers, who sincerely believe in Allah and the Last Day, are only allowed to visit the graves and supplicate Allah Subhanah for the deceased. The acts of making supplication through the deceased and to the deceased are clear and manifest forms of shirk.

 

Now to address the specific statements and claims of the brother:

 

Statement-1: Sahaba e Karaam constructed Qubba on graves.

It is absolutely inconceivable that the companions who studied their Islam at the hands of and in the university of the Messenger of Allah (saws) would ever go against the commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws)!

 

Allah is our witness, there is absolutely no truth to this accusation that the noble companions of the Prophet (saws) would construct a Qubba or shrine over their deceased!

 

The Qubba or shrines which were built on the graves of such eminent companions as Hadrat Ali ibn Abi Taalib (r.a.) in Kufa, Iraq and Hadrat Hussain ibn Ali (r.a.) in Karbala, Iraq, were built by ignorant people many years after the martyrdom of these noble souls! Allah is our witness brother, the building of these shrines which have today unfortunately become major places of worship were neither sanctioned nor endorsed by Allah, nor His Messenger (saws), nor by the noble companions!

 

Statement-2: It is written in Mushkath Shareef, Kitabul Janaiz Babud Dafn:Rasoolullah Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam buried Hazrath Uthman ibn e Mazoon raziallahu anh placed a stone towards the head side for identification, and said:Alamu biha qabra akhi wa adfan ilaihi man maata min ahlee We will place an identification and bury ahlul bait in this place.

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 3200 Narrated byAl-Muttalib

When Uthman ibn Maz'un (r.a.) died, he was brought out on his bier and buried. The Prophet (saws) ordered a man to bring him a stone, but he was unable to carry it. The Messenger of Allah (saws) got up and going over to it rolled up his sleeves. The narrator Kathir told that al-Muttalib remarked: The one who told me about the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: I still seem to see the whiteness of the forearms of the Messenger of Allah (saws) when he rolled up his sleeves. He (saws) then carried the stone and placed it at his head saying: I am marking my brother's grave with it, and I shall bury beside him those of my family who die.

 

In light of the above authentic tradition of the Messenger of Allah (saws), there is absolutely no harm in Islam if one places a stone to mark the grave of the deceased for recognition of its location.

 

What is absolutely prohibited in Islam is to build a structure or a qubba or shrine over the grave of the deceased.

 

Statement-3: Huzoor e paak sallallahu alaihi wasallam was buried in Hujarathul Aisha raziallahu anh.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 4.75b

When asked why was the Prophet (saws) buried in her home, Hadrat Aisha (r.a.) replied: "This was done lest the grave of the Prophet (saws) be turned into a mosque.'' (Related by Bukhari)

The Companions of the Prophet (saws) regarded his (saws) burial arrangements as a special case for him because, as reported in a tradition "the Prophets are buried at the place they die," and because burying him at his home distinguished his grave from those of others, and protected it from being exposed to great numbers of people.

 

It is indeed true that the Prophet (saws) was buried in the hujra or room of Hadrat Aisha (r.a.) where he (saws) breathed his last in accordance with the Prophets (saws) statement and guidance that The Prophets are buried at the place they die.

 

Statement-4: Sayedina Ibn Zubai raziallahu anh constructed a beautiful building on it.
It is not conceivable that a companion of the stature of Abdullah ibn Zubair (r.a.) would ever go against the guidance of the Prophet (saws) and build a structure over the Prophets grave!

 

The Prophets (saws) grave to this day, 1400+ years after his death lies without a fixed structure in the same hujra or room that was once the accommodation of Hadrat Aisha (r.a.) near the Prophets Mosque in Madinah.

 

Statement-5: In the the year 557Hijri few Christian Rahibs tried to reach the grave by building a tunnel secretly. Huzoor e paak sallallahu alaihi wasallam came three times in the dream of the Sultan and informed him about it. Sultan beheaded them and filled molten glass around the grave.

Allah Alone Knows Best whether these incidents ever took place or was it mere heresay! What happened 557 years after Hijrah, or what the people of that time did or did not do does not hold any validity in determining the lawful from the unlawful in Islam!

 

Statement-6: Hazrath Umer Raziallahu anh constructed a Qubba on Hazrath Zainab bint e Hajash raziallahu Anha

The noble and chaste wife of the Prophet (saws) and the mother of the believers, Hadrat Zainab binte Jahash (r.a.) died during the reign of Hadrat Umar (r.a.) and she was buried in the graveyard of Baqi in Madinah.

 

It is an absolute falsehood and a blatant accusation that Hadrat Umar (r.a.) had a qubba or shrine constructed over her or anyone elses grave, for to this day not even a single grave in Baqi has a structure over it!

 

Statement-7: Hazrath Aisha Siddiqa raziallahu anha constructed a Qubba on the Qabr of her brother Abdul Rahman.

 

Statement-8: Hazrath Mohammad ibn e Hanfia constructed a Qubba on the grave of Hazrath Ibn Abbas raziallahu anh.

Hadrat Aishas (r.a.) brother Hadrat Abdur-Rahmaan (r.a.), and Hadrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (r.a.) are both buried in the graveyard of Baqi in Madinah; and even to this day there is absolutely no sign of any structure or qubba ever built on these or any other graves in the graveyard of Baqi. These are absolutely false and baseless statements and accusations against these noble souls.

 

Statement-9: There is a Hadeeth written in Mushkath e shareef, where Hazrath Ali was asked by Rasoolullah sallallahu Alaihi wasallam to level off the graves. These graves were of Kuffar Mushrikeen and not of Muslimeen Sahaba as Rasoolullah sallallahu Alaihi wasallam himself used be present while burying them.

Thamamah ibn Shufayy told Harun that: "Once we were with Fadalah bin 'Ubayd in the Roman land of Brudis. One of our companions died and upon burying him we were ordered by Fudalah ibn 'Ubayd to level his grave. Then Fudalah said: 'I heard Allah's Messenger (saws) ordering people to level the graves of the deceased." It is reported from Abul al-Hayaj al-Asadi who said 'Ali bin Abu Talib told me: "Should I not instruct you to do as the Messenger of Allah (saws) instructed me? Do not leave a statue standing without removing it. Do not leave a grave raised without leveling it."

(Related by Muslim)

 

It is only obvious that the believers who died at the time of the Prophet (saws) and the early generation would not have raised graves in accordance with the guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws); thus the instruction of leveling the graves would only be for those graves which were buried in the days of ignorance, or those of the disbelievers.

 

But the instruction given by Prophet Mohamed (saws) to Hadrat Ali (r.a.) to level the graves was general and does not in any way imply that the muslims are permitted to raise the graves of their deceased!

 

Statement-10: Huzoor e paak sallallahu alaihi wasallam said;


Allahumma la tajal qabree wathnan yubadu ishtadda ghazabullahi ala qaumin ittkhazoo quboora anmbiauhumOh Allah do not make my qabr a sanam (but) to wch people could worship. Allah shall punish the people who make the graves of their anmbia as mosques.

It is explained by Allama Baidhawi that Yahoodwa Nasaara used to make sujood and pray

towards the direction of the graves of the prophets as though they are asnaam

So Huzoor e paak sallallahu alaihi wasallam has prohibited Muslims from worshipping the

graves.This hadeeth should not be used for restricting the visit making duah.


In light of the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah, there is absolutely no harm or restriction in visiting the graves or making dua or supplication for the deceased; what is absolutely prohibited in Islam is invoking or making supplication through or to the deceased in the graves!

 

Besides, one need not visit the graves of their deceased loved ones to make supplication for them, for one may very well make supplications of forgiveness and mercy for the deceased from wherever they are! The main wisdom behind the allowance of visiting the graves is that one who is alive will be reminded about the Hereafter and thus be encouraged to make necessary provisions for that inevitable journey.

 

Statement-11: It is quoted in the book Madarijun Nubuwwat written by Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehelwi in part two that Hazrath e Fathimathuzzahra raziallahu anha visited the grave of Rasoolullah sallallahu Alaihi wasallam took the mud of the grave and kept on her eyes full of tears and recited few ashaar poetry.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.391 Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar

Sad bin 'Ubada became sick and the Prophet (saws) along with 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Auf, Sad bin Abi Waqqas and 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud visited him to inquire about his health. When he (saws) came to him, he found him surrounded by his household and he asked, "Has he died?" They said, "No, O Allah's Messenger (saws)." The Prophet (saws) wept and when the people saw the weeping of Allah's Messenger (saws) they all wept. He (saws) said, "Will you listen? Allah does not punish for shedding tears, nor for the grief of the heart but he punishes or bestows His Mercy because of this." He pointed to his tongue and added, "The deceased is punished for the wailing of his relatives over him." 'Umar used to beat with a stick and throw stones and put dust over the faces of those who used to wail over the dead.

 

Allah Alone knows the accuracy of the incident of what exactly transpired if and when the noble and chaste daughter of the Prophet (saws), Hadrat Fatima binte Rasool Allah (r.a.) visited her noble fathers grave.

 

If the ignorant people today who sing marseeyahs and wail over the martyrs of Karbala, etc. and attribute their action to the supposed ashaar or poetry recited by Hadrat Fatimah (r.a.), they should know that the Messenger of Allah (saws) absolutely prohibited the wailing over the deceased!

 

Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2829 Narrated by Hadrat Ali ibn AbuTalib (r.a.)

Hadrat Ali (r.a.) heard Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) curse those who took usury, those who paid it, those who recorded it, and those who refused to give sadaqah. And he used to prohibit wailing.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 2033 Narrated by AbuMalik al-Ash'ari

Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: Among my people there are four characteristics belonging to pre-Islamic period which they do not abandon: 1. boasting of high rank, 2. reviling other peoples' genealogies, 3. seeking rain by stars, and 4. wailing. And he (further) said: If the wailing woman does not repent before she dies, she will be made to stand on the Day of Resurrection wearing a garment of pitch and a chemise of mange.

 

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 3122 Narrated by AbuSa'id al-Khudri

The Messenger of Allah (saws) cursed the wailing woman and the woman who listens to her.

 

Umm 'Atiyyah reports: "The Messenger of Allah (saws) made us pledge that we will not wail over (the dead)" (Bukhari and Muslim).

 

Al-Bazzar has transmitted, at the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: "Two sounds are accursed in this world and in the hereafter: the sound of wind instruments (to celebrate) good fortune, and of moaning aloud when afflicted with a misfortune."

 

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said in an authentic narration He is not a believer, who beats his face, or tears his clothes, or wails when afflicted by a misfortune.

 

Statement-12: So it is clear from the above quotations that nothing wrong in making a permanent Qabr of the Saliheen, constructing Qubba, and visiting the graves and making Dua.

In light of the clear guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah there is absolutely no harm or restriction in the believers visiting the graves of their deceased for it would remind them of the Hereafter; nor is there any harm in making supplication for the deceased believers.

 

But it is absolutely prohibited by the Messenger of Allah (saws) to construct permanent graves, or a qubba or shrine over the graves, or invoke or make supplication through or to the deceased.

 

If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of being led astray.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

Burhan

 

 

 


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