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Hadith prophet ali maula

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Brother,

 

Asalam Alaikum,

 

Is it true that Holy Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) ever said "Man Kuntum Moula Fa Haaza Ali-un Moula" meaning "who considers me to be his Moula should consider Hazrat Ali his Moula as well"?

 

Please do reply.

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Hadith prophet ali maula

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Indeed, the Messenger of Allah (saws) declared words to the effect as quoted by you, and the exact narration is as follows:

 

Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 6094 Narrated by Al-Bara' ibn Azib and Zayd ibn Arqam

When Allah's Messenger (saws) alighted at the pool of Khumm, he took Hadrat Ali ibn Abi Taalib (r.a.) by the hand and asked those present, "Do you not know that I am closer to the believers than they themselves?" They replied, "Certainly." He (saws) then asked, "Do you not know that I am nearer to every believer than he himself?" They replied, "Certainly." He (saws) then said, " Allah, he whose maula I am has Ali as his maula. O Allah, be friendly to those who are friendly to him and hostile to those who are hostile to him." After that Hadrat Umar (r.a.) met him and said, "Congratulations, O son of AbuTalib. Morning and evening you are the maula of every believing man and woman."

 

Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 6082 Narrated by Zayd ibn Arqam

The Prophet (saws) said, "When I am anyone's maula, Ali is his maula also."

 

The term Maula in the Arabic language has many meanings; it could mean a patron, a friend, or even a slave or a slave-master. Some people or sects in Islam have taken this hadith or the term maula mentioned in the hadith out of context and used it as evidence that the Messenger of Allah (saws) having bestowed the above honor on Hadrat Ali (r.a.), and by declaring him maula wished to announce that Hadrat Ali (r.a.) was his chosen successor or Khalifah and Leader of the Believers after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws).

 

The Messenger of Allah (saws) indeed termed Hadrat Ali (r.a.) as the Maula of the believers; but under no circumstances can this honor be taken to imply that the Messenger of Allah (saws) was covertly trying to nominate or appoint Hadrat Ali (r.a.) as his successor of Khalifah after his death!


 

Under the guidance of Allah, the Messenger of Allah (saws) did not nominate nor appoint a successor to be the Leader of the Believers after him; but instead trained the believers to choose one amongst them through consensus.

 

There are several authentic narrations whereby the Messenger of Allah (saws) has praised many of his noble and closest companions, and even given some of them the good news of the ultimate reward of Paradise even while they were alive! But that does not mean that each or any of them claimed or was automatically entitled to be the Leader of the Believers after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws)!!!

 

Just to relate a few examples of the praises that the Messenger of Allah (saws) showered on some of his noble companions:

 

Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (r.a.) :

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said, : There are eight gates to Paradise, and Abu Bakr can enter from any gate he pleases.

 

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said, : All of you (his companions) who have done favors on me, I have repaid them, except to Abu Baqr as Siddiq.

 

Umar al Khattab (r.a.):

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said, : If there were to be a Prophet after me, it would have been Umar.

 

Uthman ibn Affan (r.a.):

During the preparations of the Battle of Tabuk, when Uthman donated a lot of money for this Cause and Jihad in the name of Allah, the Messenger of Allah (saws) said, : Whatever Uthman does after this day, he will never incur a loss with Allah.

 

Hadrat Hassan ibn Thabit (r.a.):

This noble companion was a poet and used to answer the poetry of the disbelievers which they would make against Islam and the Messenger of Allah (saws). He was the only person whom the Messenger of Allah (saws) honored to stand along with him on his mimbar, and recite the answers to the disbelievers. This honor of standing together with the Prophet (saws) on his mimbar, was not given to any of the other companions.

 

Abu Ubaidah ibn Jarrah (r.a.):

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said: Abu Ubaidah ibn Jarrah is the Ameen (most trustworthy) of this Ummah.

 

Zubair ibn al Awwam (r.a.):

The Messenger of Allah said, : Every Prophet has a hawwaree (helper in the Cause of Allah), and my hawwaree is Zubair ibn al Awwam.

 

Saad ibn Abi Waqqas (r.a.):

During the battle of Uhud, the Messenger of Allah (saws) told this brave fighter to shoot his arrows with the following words which he did not use for any of the other noble companions ever. He (saws) said to Hadrat Saad, May my father and mother be sacrificed for you

 

Bilaal ibn Rabah (r.a.):

When the Messenger of Allah (saws) went to the heavens on the night of Mairaaj, he came back and told the companions that he heard the footsteps of Hadrat Bilaal in the highest heavens.

 

Saad bin Muadh (r.a.):

When this noble companion died, the Messenger of Allah (saws) paid a tribute to this companion and said, On the death of this companion of mine, the Magnificent Throne of Allah, has been shaken!.

 

It is indeed unfortunate that some misguided people have chosen to focus on one statement of the Prophet (saws) regarding Hadrat Ali (r.a.) and taken it out of context to justify their false beliefs! Never ever did Hadrat Ali (r.a.) claim to be the Leader of the Believers after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws), until he was chosen by consensus of the believers as the Fourth Khalifah.

 

May years after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws) and the Rightly Guided Khalifahs, some people in order to pursue their own political and leadership agendas started claiming that Hadrat Abu Bakr (r.a.), Hadrat Umar (r.a.) and Hadrat Uthman (r.a.) had unjustly taken over the Leadership of the Believers which in fact had justly belonged to Hadrat Ali (r.a.)! This is when they started back-tracking and taking the words of the Messenger of Allah (saws) and the incidents of Hadrat Ali (r.a.) out of context in their efforts to further their own political and leadership agendas!

 

They highlighted and propagated whatever suited their political and leadership agendas from the Quran and Sunnah, and whatever did not suit their agenda and mission they left it alone! These misguided people were so blinded by their own personal agendas that instead of following the Quran and Sunnah, they tried to get the Quran and Sunnah to follow their agendas!

 

If one just compares the words of the hadith quoted in the honor of Hadrat Ali being the Maula of the believers to the hadith where the Messenger of Allah (saws) said that If there were to be a Prophet after me, it would have been Umar, one would clearly see the honor and status that Hadrat Umar (r.a.) was held in the sight of the Messenger of Allah (saws). But after the death of the Messenger of Allah (saws) it was none other than Hadrat Umar (r.a.) himself who declined to take the responsibility of being the Leader of the Believers and instead preferred and nominated the name of Hadrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (r.a.) as the Leader, and gave his allegiance to him.

 

Thus my dear and beloved brother in Islam, although the hadith whereby Hadrat Ali (r.a.) was declared the Maula of the believers by the Messenger of Allah (saws) is considered authentic, it is indeed unfortunate that some misguided people have taken this term maula and the hadith itself out of context to justify their self-invented beliefs and further their own political agendas in preference to the Truth.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your Brother in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 

 

 


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