Adhaan or iqama at home
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Dear brother Burhan,
Can you please tell me the way to pray the `fard` prayers at home. I have been taught from childhood that we should first recite the Azan, then sit and recite allahuma alahaya... and then get up again and recite the Iqamat followed by the niyat of the prayers followed by iza jaha... and then on wards. I have also been taught that this sequence to be followed only if you pray the farz without the sunnat prayers, otherwise there is no need for reciting allahuma alahaya.. Can you please tell me the exact sequence for praying the fard prayers either with or without the sunnat prayers. Do we have to recite the azan at home or just the iqamat azan.
Brother in Islam
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Adhaan or Iqama at home
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Your Question: Can you please tell me the way to pray the `fard` prayers at home. I have been taught from childhood that we should first recite the Azan, then sit and recite allahuma alahaya... and then get up again and recite the Iqamat followed by the niyat of the prayers followed by iza jaha... and then on wards. I have also been taught that this sequence to be followed only if you pray the farz without the sunnat prayers,
otherwise there is no need for reciting allahuma alahaya.. Can you please tell me the exact sequence for praying the fard prayers either
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzab verse 21: There is indeed the best example for you to follow, in the Messenger of Allah, for every such person looks forward to Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.
Dear and Beloved Brother in Islam, no created being who ever walked on this planet earth worshipped Allah Subhanah in a better or more perfect manner than the Last Messenger of Allah, Mohammed ar-Rasool Allah (saws). Allah Subhanah Himself in His Glorious Quran, guarantees that the absolute best example for one who looks forward to Allah and the Last Day is none other than His Last and Final Messenger, Mohamed ar-Rasool Allah (saws). Thus it becomes obligatory upon the believers, that in any aspect of the deen, they are required to follow the example of none, except Prophet Mohamed (saws).
These confined rituals of first stating the adhaan, then sitting down and supplicating a precise supplication of allahumma alayha, then standing up again and declaring the iqaamah, then raising the two palms in front of ones face and verbally declaring the neeyat or intention, etc. are self-invented rituals by some sects and self-declared High Priests, and have nothing to do with the Sunnah or practice of the Messenger of Allah (saws)!
The Messenger of Allah (saws) always prayed his fard or obligatory prayers in congregation, thus the Adhaan was announced by the caller to prayer, and after the appointed time when the believers had gathered in the mosques, the Iqaamah was announced, and the believers would stand in the rows and make themselves available for prayers.
The following is a simple description of how the Messenger of Allah (saws) would offer his prayers:
INTENTION AND TAKBIR
To make intention in your heart regarding the prayer you are about to make. Then raise your hands to your ears and say Allah o Akbar meaning Allah is the Greatest, signaling the start of Prayer.
QIYAM or Standing
Pray the Surah Al Fateha and any other Surah or Aayahs from the Quran. (minimum 3 aayahs)
RUKU or bowing
The Prophet (saws) used to say: Subhan Allah il Adheem Glory be to Allah, the Most Great. 3 times or more (but preferably in odd number formations, 3,5,7,9.)
STANDING UP FROM RUKU
The Prophet (saws) used to say: Sameh Allah ho Leman Hamedah Allah listen to the one who is grateful for the bounties received by Allah.
The nobles companions in the congregation used to say: Rabbana lakal hamd O our Lord, we are grateful to you.
The Prophet (saws) used to pray: Subhana Rabb eil Aala Glory be to Allah, the Most High. (3 times or more in odd number formation 3,5,7,9)
SITTING BETWEEN TWO SAJDAHS
(This can be used to invoke any supplication to Allah.)
Allah hum mag firli wale waale dayya, wal lil muminina, wal muminate, wal muslemeena, wal muslemaate, hayy min hum wala hum amwaat.
O Allah, forgive me, my parents, the true believing men, the true believing women, the believing men, the believing women, whether alive from amongst them, or they have died. (We beg You to forgive them all)
At tahiya tu lillahe was salawaato, wat tayyebato lillahe.
Every kind of salutes, all kinds of prayers, and all kinds of good and pure words and things, are for Allah Alone.
As Salaam alieka ya ayyo han nabi o, wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
(Allah told the Prophet(saws) these words on the Night of Mairaaj in His audience): May Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon you, O Prophet (saws)
As Salaam o alayna wa ala ibaa dallah hiss saleheen.
(The Prophet(saws) replied, as Allah Himself is the source of All Peace, and the Prophet (saws) could not possibly send Peace upon Allah): May Peace be upon me (saws), and the good, obedient or pious slaves of Allah.
Ash hado ann laa ilaha illahlah, wahdahu, laa sharika lahuu,
(The Prophet(saws) said to Allah in audience): I bear witness that there is no god, except Allah, Alone, He has no partners.
Wa ash hado anna Mohamed dan abdullahi wa Rasul Allah.
(And Allah replied): And I bear witness that (you, O) Mohamed, are the slave and Messenger of Allah
Allah humma salle
ala Mohamed din wa aale Mohamed,
May Allahs blessings be upon Mohamed (saws), and his ummah (or family or both), just like the blessing of Allah on Ibrahim and his ummah (or family or both)
Innaka Hameed un Majeed
For you are the All-Praiseworthy, the Glorious One.
Allah humma barik
ala Mohamed din wa aale Mohamed,
May Allahs baraka be upon Mohamed (saws) and his ummah (or family or both) just like the baraka of Allah on Ibrahim and his ummah (or family or both)
Innaka Hameed un Majeed.
For you are the All-Praiseworthy, the Glorious One.
(Any Invocation to Allah)
Allah hum mag firli
wale waaledayya war hum homa
O Allah, forgive me, and my parents, and have mercy upon them both, just as they had mercy on me when I was an infant.
And the prayer is then ended by the declaration of the Tasleems on both sides.
As Salaam Alaykum wa Rahmatullah
Peace and the Mercy of Allah be upon you all.
The above is a short and concise description of the prayers as prayed and taught by the Messenger of Allah (saws). If you have any further questions or need any clarifications whatsoever, you could write to us and we will try to answer them to the best of our abilities, in light of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws), Insha Allah.
Your Question: Do we have to recite the azan at home or just the iqamat azan.
The main reason and wisdom behind the declaration of the adhaan aloud is to make aware to the believers that the time of offering the prayer has begun. Thus if one has heard the adhaan or announcement of prayer made at the local mosque from their homes, there is no need to repeat the adhaan or the iqaamah again themselves when they offer their prayers.
If one is praying alone at home, it is not obligatory for him to give the adhaan or the iqaamah before one starts ones prayer. If one has heard the adhaan being called from the mosques, or if one is sure the time of prayer has approached, they may simply make the intention and start their prayer. But if one praying alone, for any reason declares the adhaan or the iqaamah, there is absolutely no harm and will not effect the validity of his prayers in any way.
But whenever there are two or more believers gathered, and they intend to offer their prayers in congregation; then it would be best if they announced the adhaan, then the iqaamah, and then started their prayer in congregation.
If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws), he can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), he can be assured of being led astray.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,