Abnormal bleeding and fasts
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
salaam i have a co-sister in law who is 25years old having 2 kids. After her 2ed kid she started geting a lot of bleading which she is having till know her son is now 20months old i think it is some homonal problem. but i want to ask u that can she fast in the this month of ramdan and pray namaz do let me know.
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Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 1.70a
Such bleeding occurs after the birth of a child, regardless if the child survived the birth or not. This type of bleeding has no minimum duration, for it could stop right after the birth, or there could even be no blood. Therefore, her confinement would end, and she would be obliged to fast, pray, and so on. The maximum duration is forty days.
Said Umm Salamah, "During the lifetime of the Prophet (saws), the post-childbirth woman would be in confinement for forty days."
Related by Bukhari, Tirmidhi and Muslim
Tirmidhi states, "The knowledgeable companions, the following generation and those that came later agree that a woman experiencing post-childbirth bleeding had to stop praying for forty days unless her blood stopped. If her bleeding stops before that time, she is to make ghusl and start praying. If she sees blood after forty days, most scholars say that she is not to stop praying."
If the bleeding continues after her determined period of menstruation or a maximum of forty days after child-birth, the woman only needs to purify herself by doing the ghusl only once after the completion of her menstruation period, tighten something around her private parts (if still bleeding), and only perform wudu before the advent of every prayer.
Umm Salamah (r.a.), the wife of the Prophet (saws), in which she asked the Messenger of Allah (saws) about this condition. He (saws) said, "She should wait for the days and nights of her normal period and figure them out of the month, and she should leave the prayer during those days. (Afterwards) she should perform ghusl, tighten something around her private parts (if still bleeding), and then pray."
Related by Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, Abu Dawood.
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Your Brother in Islam,