Can one pray for forgiveness of Mushriks
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
U said we must keep
praying for our parents for the forgiveness ,also when we know they died on polytheism?As u also said Prophet (saws) was not permitted
by Allah Subhanah to make dua
or supplication for his mother for she died in the state of polytheism.
What one shud say on visiting the graves of the dear ones (whether one has or not died in the state of polytheism)?
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Can one pray for forgiveness of Mushriks
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Q-1: U said we must keep praying for our parents for the forgiveness ,also when we know they died on polytheism?
Indeed, Allah Subhanah has commanded the believers to be kind to their parents and constantly pray for their forgiveness.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Bani Israel verses 23-24:Your Lord has enjoined the following: You should not worship anyone but Him Alone! Treat your parents with great kindness; if either or both of them attain old age, do not even say uff to them; nor rebuke them; but speak to them kind words. Treat them with humility and tenderness and pray, O our Lord, be merciful to them, just as they brought me up with kindness and affection in my childhood.
But if one is convinced that his parents have died on shirk or polytheism, then it does not behove a believer in Allah and the Last Day, to pray for their forgiveness.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 9 Surah Taubah verse 113:It is not fitting for the Prophet and those who believe that they should pray for forgiveness for pagans, even though they be of kin, after it is clear to them that they are companions of the Fire.
Q-2: As u also said Prophet (saws)
was not permitted by Allah Subhanah to make dua or supplication for his mother for she died in the
state of polytheism.
Abu Hurairah reported: "The Prophet (saws) visited his mother' s grave and cried, and everyone there cried with him. Then the Prophet (saws) said: 'I sought my Lord's permission to seek forgiveness for her, but He did not permit me. I then sought permission to visit her grave and He permitted me to do this. You should visit graves, because they will remind you of the reality of death.''
Narrated by Muslim, Ahmad, and the Sunan.
Q-3: What one shud say on visiting the graves of the dear ones (whether one has or not died in the state of polytheism)?
Buraidah reported: "The Prophet (saws) taught us that when we visited graves we should say, 'Peace be upon you, O believing men and women, O dwellers of this place. Certainly, Allah willing, we will join you. You have preceded us and we are to follow you. We supplicate to Allah to grant us and you security'.''
Narrated by Muslim and Ahmad.
Ibn 'Abbas reported: "Once the Prophet (saws) passed by graves in Madinah. He tumed his face toward them saying: 'Peace be upon you, O dwellers of these graves. May Allah forgive us and you. You have preceded us, and we are following your trail'."
Narrated by Tirmidhi.
The above supplications of forgiveness, mercy and security are only for the deceased believers. If one is convinced that the deceased has died on shirk or polytheism one should not supplicate for Allahs Mercy and Forgiveness for them, for Allah Subhanah has Declared that this sin of shirk is absolutely unforgivable.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 5 Surah Maidah verse 72:Whoever commits shirk (invoking anything with
Allah), Allah shall forbid for him
Allah says in the Quran: Chapter 4 Surah An-Nisa Verse 48:Shirk (associating other deities with Allah) is the only sin that Allah does not forgive, and He forgives, whomsoever He pleases, sins other than this. For whosoever associates any other partner with Allah, does indeed forge a big lie and commits the most heinous sin
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,