(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 6 Surah Anaam verse 151: (O Prophet) tell them, “come, I will recite what limits your Lord has set for you. (He has enjoined) that you should not set up anything as a partner with Him; and you should treat your parents kindly; and you should not kill your children for fear of poverty…. For We provide sustenance for you, and will provide sustenance for them also.”
Thus before anyone practices birth-control, one must determine the reason why he/she wants to practice it. If the reason of birth control is that one is poor, or thinks that he/she will not be able to afford another child, or for any material reason; then, in light of the above commandment of the Quran, it is absolutely forbidden. And that is because Allah provides sustenance for us, as well as the sustenance for the coming child.
But if there is a health reason, whereby the life of the woman or the baby is endangered by pregnancy, then it is allowed to practice birth control. Or if one intends to space the children for a nominal period of a couple of years, that is also allowed.
Abortion is absolutely forbidden, and is deemed a heinous sin in Islam.
Regarding the types of birth control, it is reported in authentic narrations that some of the companions of the Prophet (saws) practiced ‘coitus-interruptus’ (whereby, the male organ is removed before ejaculation). But today, there are various forms of birth-control which may be used as long as they are not of a permanent nature. What is important is the reason and intention why one wants to practice birth-control. If the reason is poverty and fear of affording the child, or because of the sex of the child, or for any other material reason, then birth control is forbidden.
May Allah guide you and us all to the Siraat al-Mustaqeem
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,